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- Regimes and Repertoires
- Repertoires of Contention
Essentially, the first chapter introduces the idea of regimes by focusing on Aristotle, Robert Dahl, and Samuel Finer, but it is in chapter 2 that Tilly really begins to spell out his argument. With his inclination for diagrams, Tilly highlights the relationship between regimes and contentious politics; this section is paramount as it forms part of the basis of the preceding discussion.
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Tilly's classification of the relationship is simplistic, yet effective. He distinguishes between two dimensions of variation: "government capacity," or the effectiveness of the government's reach, and "democracy," or the degree to which individuals are both respected and protected by the law, with each being either "high" or "low" p.
The outcome is a matrix with government capacity and democracy as its axes p.
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Once this relationship has been established, various aspects of the discussion can be applied to the matrix of regime space, collective violence, and revolutions. For instance, with regards to revolutions, Tilly concludes that it is more difficult for revolutionaries to form an opposition in a country, such as Germany, that is democratic with high government capacity p. Hence, revolutions occur much more frequently in low-capacity-non-democratic regimes p. The following chapters are then spent exploring different aspects of the discussion: trajectories of change, collective violence, revolutions, and social movements.
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An interesting aspect of Tilly's argumentation is its form. Each of the chapters offers a wide range of historical examples to highlight his argument: we are even greeted with a discussion of the problems of "Peru, center of the Inca Empire" p. For instance, in the discussion on the trajectories of change, Tilly focuses on the closing days of the apartheid regime in South Africa. The first part of the discussion introduces the key actors the South African government and security forces, the African National Congress, and the Inkatha movement and how each one had the ability to either force change or to absorb potential change.progepvepumre.gq/victim-offender-reconciliation-in-the-peoples-republic-of.php
Regimes and repertoires (eBook, ) [yzumuqat.tk]
This historical narrative is then related back to the theoretical framework established at the beginning of the book. Through his use of tables, bullet-points, and diagrams, Tilly is able to transpose the actual events onto the theory he has outlined. The next chapter that stands out is Tilly's discussion on "Revolution" chapter 7 , which focuses on the genocide of Rwanda. This event is not typically considered to have been a revolution, yet Tilly argues that, by expanding the definition of revolution, not only can we argue that the Rwandan genocide was revolutionary, but also that this "expanded definition better serves this book's purpose of explanation" p.
Following a justification as to why this expanded definition is needed, the discussion then shifts to ask "why do revolutions occur" p. In a few short pages, the reader is taken from Africa in the s to Europe between p. The trajectory of change that Tilly finds confirms neither accounts that emphasize top-down dynamics nor those that work from the bottom-up — He explores the interactions at the center of his model in separate chapters on collective violence, revolutions, and social movements and concludes with a chapter that summarizes his findings.
The chapter on revolution is particularly provocative, challenging foundational assumptions about what does and does not constitute a revolution hint: Rwanda does. Some of the analytical sections of the book might seem overly abstract.
Regimes and Repertoires
However, part of the joy of Regimes is the amazing scope of concrete case material on which Tilly draws—from France to and Great Britain to to contemporary India, Peru, and South Africa, as well as the collapse of the Soviet Union and the genocide in Rwanda—with a reassuring competence to develop his hypotheses and to illustrate his arguments.
Repertoires of Contention
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