- Stories, analogies and fables
- Difference Between Parable, Fable, and Allegory
- Parables of Leadership
- Stories, analogies and fables
- Parables of Leadership
It is also influenced by the commendation in the biblical Book of Proverbs , which mentions the ant twice.
The first proverb admonishes, "Go to the ant, you sluggard! Consider her ways and be wise, which having no captain, overseer or ruler, provides her supplies in the summer, and gathers her food in the harvest" 6. Later, in a parallel saying of Agur , the insects figure among the 'four things that are little upon the earth but they are exceeding wise. The ants are a people not strong, yet they provide their food in the summer. There was, nevertheless, an alternative tradition also ascribed to Aesop in which the ant was seen as a bad example.
This appears as a counter-fable and is numbered in the Perry Index. Not satisfied with the results of his own labour, he plundered his neighbours' crops at night. This angered the king of the gods, who turned him into what is now an ant. Yet even though the man had changed his shape, he did not change his habits and to this day goes around the fields gathering the fruits of other people's labour, storing them up for himself. The moral given the fable in old Greek sources was that it is easier to change in appearance than to change one's moral nature. It has rarely been noticed since Classical times.
Among the few prominent collectors of fables who recorded it later were Gabriele Faerno ,  and Roger L'Estrange Because of the influence of La Fontaine's Fables, in which La cigale et la fourmi stands at the beginning, the cicada then became the proverbial example of improvidence in France: so much so that Jules-Joseph Lefebvre — could paint a picture of a female nude biting one of her nails among the falling leaves and be sure viewers would understand the point by giving it the title La Cigale. The painting was exhibited at the Salon with a quotation from La Fontaine, Quand la bise fut venue When the north wind blew , and was seen as a critique of the lately deposed Napoleon III , who had led the nation into a disastrous war with Prussia.
Another with the same title, alternatively known as "Girl with a Mandolin" , was painted by Edouard Bisson — and depicts a gypsy musician in a sleeveless dress shivering in the falling snow. The grasshopper and the ant are generally depicted as women because both words for the insects are of the feminine gender in most Romance languages. Picturing the grasshopper as a musician, generally carrying a mandolin or guitar, was a convention that grew up when the insect was portrayed as a human being, since singers accompanied themselves on those instruments.
The sculptor and painter Ignaz Stern — also has the grasshopper thinly clad and shivering in the paired statues he produced under the title of the fable, while the jovial ant is more warmly dressed. The warmly shrouded monk has been out gathering alms and may be supposed to be giving the musician a lecture on his improvidence. By contrast, the Naturalist Victor-Gabriel Gilbert — pictures the fable as being enacted in the marketplace of a small town in Northern France.
For a long time, the illustrators of fable books had tended to concentrate on picturing winter landscapes, with the encounter between the insects occupying only the lower foreground. In the 19th century the insects grew in size and began to take on human dress. Kajita Hanko's treatment of the story takes place in a typical snowy landscape with the cricket approaching a thatched cottage, watched through a window by the robed ant. An old woman in a ragged dress approaches the lady of the house, who is working at her spinning wheel on an open verandah. Use of the insects to point a moral lesson extends into the 20th century.
In Jean Vernon's bronze medal from the s, the supplicant cicada is depicted as crouching on a branch while the ant rears up below with its legs about a beechnut. You sang? Jacob Lawrence depicts much the same scene in his ink drawing of the fable, but with a different moral intent.
There a weeping grasshopper stands before a seated ant who reaches back to lock his storeroom door. Nevertheless, Hungary used the fable to promote a savings campaign on a 60 forint stamp in La Fontaine's portrayal of the Ant as a flawed character, reinforced by the ambivalence of the alternative fable, led to that insect too being viewed as anything but an example of virtue. But La Pauvrette, after being taken in and fed, is rude and heartless when the situation is reversed.
Cigale is left to die in the snow at the close of the ballet. La Fontaine's poem has also been subverted by several French parodies. In La fourmi et la cigale the ant becomes an overworked housewife whom the dust follows into the grave. In this fable she figures as a night-club singer who asks a fox to act as her agent. He believes that she will be an easy victim for his manipulations but she handles him with such frosty finesse that he takes up singing himself.
The subversion lies in the four-line moral at the end, in which he advises that it is better to be an impresario than a performer. Roland Bacri takes the tale into fresh territory with his Fable Electorale. Playing on the final words of La Fontaine's fable Eh bien, dansez maintenant , the industrialist advises him to stand for president presidensez maintenant.
On the other hand, Francoise Sagan turns the satire against the too industrious. Her ant has been stockpiling all winter and urges the grasshopper to invest in her wares when spring comes. But the grasshopper's needs are few and she advises holding a discount sale instead. The grasshopper's appeal, out of pocket and desperate for a cigarette, is turned down by another play on the original ending.
So, she had smoked all through the summer? OK, now cough Et bien, toussez. The English writer W. Somerset Maugham reverses the moral order in a different way in his short story, "The Ant and The Grasshopper" It concerns two brothers, one of whom is a dissolute waster whose hard-working brother has constantly to bail out of difficulties.
At the end the latter is enraged to discover that his 'grasshopper' brother has married a rich widow, who then dies and leaves him a fortune. Plenty and Fiddler Dan" , makes an argument for poetry over fanatical hard work. Ciardi's ant, John J. Plenty, is so bent upon saving that he eats very little of what he has saved. Now which of them will love him more? Each one owed a dramatically different amount, but the moneylender forgave all their debts.
He asked the Pharisee which one of the debtors would love the lender most? The Pharisee responds that the person who was forgiven the greater debt would love the most. This very night your life will be demanded from you. Then who will get what you have prepared for yourself? A man comes to Jesus to mediate a disagreement with his brother about an inheritance. Jesus rebukes the man and warns him to be on guard against greed. He then tells the story of a wealthy man who used his farming profits to build bigger barns and store up grain that would serve him in his old age.
That way, when he was older, he could relax and not struggle to meet his own needs. In light of eternity, however, he had neglected to make himself rich in the things that mattered to God—and would ultimately serve him for eternity. Jesus encourages His servants to demonstrate that level of alertness. Passage: Luke —48 Audience: The disciples within earshot of a larger crowd Context: In response to the Parable of the Watchful Servants, Peter asks Jesus if He is speaking to the disciples or the gathered crowd.
Peter wants to know who Jesus is instructing to be watchful. Is He just speaking to the disciples or is He instructing everyone? Jesus responds with another parable. A master puts a manager in charge of his servants while he is away. But what would happen if that manager took advantage of his freedom and responsibility? The master would show up unannounced and put that manager to death.
Jesus is addressing the disciples who would be put in positions of authority in His household, but He is also addressing everyone else who finds themselves in positions of authority within the church. Passage: Luke —9 Audience: The disciples within earshot of a larger crowd Context: Some in the crowd tell Jesus of a tragedy which had befallen some Galileans. Jesus challenges the idea that they suffered as judgment.
He then calls the whole crowd to repent with this parable. A man is tired of the fruit tree growing in his vineyard not producing fruit.
Stories, analogies and fables
He tells the caretaker to cut it down. The caretaker asks for an opportunity to make it fruitful. The vineyard owner concedes but gives him one year to make it fruitful. We cannot wait forever to begin producing fruit. Instead, the servant serves the master and waits patiently before he eats.
Difference Between Parable, Fable, and Allegory
God owes them nothing, and they owe Him everything. Passage: Luke —37 Audience: A teacher of the law and likely the disciples Context: A lawyer asks Jesus what he must do to inherit eternal life. Jesus shocks the lawyer with a parable about a man who is robbed, beaten, and left for dead. A priest and Levite servant to priests come by but do not stop to help the man. But then a Samaritan comes along who tends to the man and pays to put him up in an inn until he recovers.
This hatred went back hundreds of years. To admit that it was the Samaritan who was a true neighbor to this man and not a fellow Jew would have been hard for the lawyer. The application is that everyone is capable of being our neighbor—and we are responsible for being a neighbor to everyone. Jesus wants His followers to have the courage to make bold requests and pray until God moves. So, this man goes to another friend and wakes him up to borrow some bread. If a friend is moved enough by your audacity to act on your behalf, how much more is God who loves you?
Jesus was invited to dine at the home of a Pharisee, and He was watching guests arrive and jockey for the best positions. He responds with a parable that would have been taken as a very specific criticism.
Parables of Leadership
He tells them that at a wedding party you should never choose the place of honor. Instead, take the lowest place. Jesus often warned that a great reversal was coming where the first would be last. He was encouraging them to prepare for that day. After sharing the Parable of the Place of Honor, a man responds with a toast to those who are blessed enough to eat at the feast of the kingdom of God.
So Jesus tells a more challenging parable. A man was putting on a banquet and invited many guests. He then sent the servant out to invite travelers to come to the party. Jesus never seemed interested in attracting a crowd for its own sake. He knew that people were drawn to Him because of His miracles and celebrity. He always challenged their motives. Or consider a king about to go to war. Passage: Luke —10 Audience: A large crowd including tax collectors, sinners, Pharisees, and teachers of the law Context: As Jesus speaks to the crowd, the Pharisees begin grumbling about the low moral quality of the people Jesus associated with.
After the Parable of the Lost Sheep, Jesus offers another parable intended to communicate the same truth. God is like a woman who loses one of her 10 silver coins, and she overturns the house until she finds it. Once she does, she calls all her friends to celebrate the recovery of this coin. Passage: Luke —32 Audience: A large crowd including tax collectors, sinners, Pharisees, and teachers of the law Context: As Jesus speaks to the crowd, the Pharisees begin grumbling about the low moral quality of the people Jesus associated with.
Jesus rounds out the trifecta of parables about lost things with a story of a wayward son. In this parable, a son asks his dad to give him his inheritance early. The father does, and the son leaves home. The son ends up tending to pigs and finds himself longing to eat what the pigs have. He decides to go home, and as he nears the home of his youth, his father runs out to meet him.
Prince suggests the ring was an attempt to curb Andersen's sudden bent for political satire by bringing him into the royal fold. She points out that after " The Swineherd ", he never again wrote a tale colored with political satire, but, within months of the gift, began composing " The Ugly Duckling ", a tale about a bird born in a henyard who, after a lifetime of misery, matures into a swan, "one of those royal birds".
Hollis Robbins , in "The Emperor's New Critique" , argues that the tale is itself so transparent "that there has been little need for critical scrutiny. In The Annotated Hans Christian Andersen , folk and fairy tale researcher Maria Tatar offers a scholarly investigation and analysis of the story, drawing on Robbins' political and sociological analysis of the tale. Tatar points out that Robbins indicates the swindling weavers are simply insisting that "the value of their labor be recognized apart from its material embodiment" and notes that Robbins considers the ability of some in the tale to see the invisible cloth as "a successful enchantment".
Tatar observes that "The Emperor's New Clothes" is one of Andersen's best-known tales and one that has acquired an iconic status globally as it migrates across various cultures reshaping itself with each retelling in the manner of oral folktales. Historically, the tale established Andersen's reputation as a children's author whose stories actually imparted lessons of value for his juvenile audience, and "romanticized" children by "investing them with the courage to challenge authority and to speak truth to power.
Its beauty, however, is obscured at the end of the tale with the obligatory moral message for children.
Stories, analogies and fables
Tatar is left wondering if the real value of the tale is the creation of the wonderful fabric in the reader's imagination or the tale's closing message of speaking truth no matter how humiliating to the recipient. Naomi Wood of Kansas State University challenges Robbins' reading, arguing that before the World Trade Center attacks of , "Robbins's argument might seem merely playful, anti-intuitive, and provocative.
More recently Robbins returned to the tale to suggest that the courtiers who pretend not to see what they see are models of men in a workplace who claim not to see harassment. In the Doctor Who serial The Romans , the Doctor uses the story as inspiration to avoid his disguise as a lyre player being discovered.
He later claims to have given Anderson the original idea for the story in the first place. The television special features eight songs with music by Maury Laws and lyrics by Jules Bass , and combines live action filmed in Aarhus, Denmark , animation, special effects, and the stop motion animation process "Animagic" made in Japan. The Japanese war documentary film , The Emperor's Naked Army Marches On , by director Kazuo Hara , centers on year-old Kenzo Okuzaki , veteran of Japan's Second World War campaign in New Guinea , and follows him around as he searches out those responsible for the unexplained deaths of two soldiers in his old unit.
The Emperor's New Clothes animated film. By Burbank Animation Studios.
In the television drama, An original video animation OVA episode of the anime franchise Bikini Warriors humorously adapts the tale, wherein the main characters are stripped nude by an unseen deity under the pretense that it has actually gifted them with a new, legendary bikini armor which only "idiots" are unable to see. Alan Alda narrated the tale and Jeff Daniels was the voice of the Emperor.
On March 1, , Bing Crosby recorded a musical adaptation of the story for children which was issued as an album Never Be Afraid by Golden Records in Hoare used a parody tale, The Emperor's Old Clothes , to advocate simplification over embellishment, for clothing or computer programming languages.
Parables of Leadership
In , Jack Herer published the first edition of The Emperor Wears No Clothes , which uncovers the history of industrial hemp through civilization, culminating in a propaganda campaign in the U. The book is now in its 11th edition. In , Tony Namate , an award-winning Zimbabwean cartoonist , published a collection of political cartoons entitled The Emperor's New Clods. The Emperor's New Gloves  that do not have an in-game model, effectively displaying a character in underwear when the whole set is equipped.
This followed requests from the player base to be able to hide a piece of equipment they do not want displayed, using the in-game glamour system that allows gear appearance alteration. The flavour text of the gear pieces is a tongue-in-cheek reference to the tale: "The most beautiful handwear you never have seen". As an idiom, use of the story's title refers to something widely accepted as true or professed as being praiseworthy, due to an unwillingness of the general population to criticize it or be seen as going against popular opinion.
Or alternatively, everyone is ignorant to whether the emperor has clothes on or not, but believes that everyone else is not ignorant.